Step by step guide to fix Power Steering issues


Are you having issues with your power steering? What are the steps recommended by auto experts for fixing such issues? Find the answers here now!

Like always, has got you covered on providing the recommended solutions to some of the most common automobile problems faced here in Nigeria.

In this post, we have prepared an easy to follow step-by-step guide on how to diagnose and fix the issues with power steering in most vehicles no matter the brand.

Fixing Power Steering Issues: Step by Step guidelines

  • Step 1

The power steering of automobiles make use of hydraulic fluid in transferring force from is pump to the rack and steering box or Pinion. First, check the level of the power steering fluid by locating the fluid’s reservoir and then removing the cap by twisting counter-clockwise in order to inspect the level of the fluid in the reservoir.

If you notice that the fluid level is way down or just empty then you should suspect a possible leak has the cause. You should inspect the rack, hoses, pump and pinion or steering box assembly, and also replace all broken components or worn out parts when needed.


If the power steering fluid level in the reservoir is low or empty, a possible leak should be suspected

  • Step 2

The steering pump of a power steering is usually driven by a serpentine belt which is actually meant for transferring energy from the vehicle’s engine to the hydraulic steering pump assembly in the car. Whenever this belt is in a bad condition or has totally failed, it normally results in a completely non-operational system.

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A single misfunctioning belt can render the whole power steering system non-operational

  • Step 3

A hydraulic pump in a power steering pump is used to supply the power steering system with fluid pressure which is required to operate the system itself. If this pump goes bad internally, the entire system will be rendered non-operational as there will be a lack of pressure required for operating the system.

In such cases, the power steering pump needs a replacement and a fluid refill.

Note: Some types of power steering pump pulleys have a “pressed on” design and needs special tools in order to remove and replace them.


Some pulleys have a different design that requires a special tool to remove

  • Step 4

If after checking all the necessary components as described in step 1 to 3 above, the power steering issues still persists then, the steering box or pinion and rack are the only options left to check. When performing a pump replacement, make sure to flush the entire system before carrying out a refill with new fluid.

You don’t want a mixture of old and new fluid in the system. If such happens then you are running the risk of facing the same set of issues you once had.

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Add this to your knowledge on the Power Steering system;

  • A typical power steering system is pretty much designed to directly make use of power that comes from an engine to assist in the vehicle with the force required to steer the car itself around.
  • A pump in the power steering system normally pressurizes the steering fluid and helps transfer it through the hoses which are usually connected to a pinion and rack or power steering box.
  • If the power steering system in a vehicle goes bad or malfunctions, the car will often become difficult to control in real time.
  • It is highly recommended not to move or drive a car that is having issues with its power steering and not running well.

Please keep in mind that NaijaCarNews highly warns against tampering with any part of a power steering system in your car if you are not a professional.

>>> Meanwhile, to keep your car in good shape for a long time then, navigate here: -> Car Care!

Oluwaseun Solomon


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